external image abraham_lincoln.jpgBackground Information:
Date of birth: February 12th, 1809
Date of death: April 15th, 1865
Hometown: Near Hodgenville, Kentucky
Education: Self-Educated
Family: Mary Todd Lincoln

Political Information:

Years in office: 4 years
Political party: Republican
Elected from (town, state): Illinois
Vice president: Hannibal Hamlin, Andrew Johnson

Key Domestic Issues-

  • Used war powers of the presidency during Civil War to achieve his goal of preserving the nation
  • Issued Emancipation Proclamation; Gave union a "moral" reason to fight
  • Gave Gettsyburg Address; The battlefield of Gettysburg, PA (Dedicated a national park)
  • He was the second speaker on November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery at Gettysburg.
Fun Facts-
  • Abraham Lincoln became nationally known as result of Lincoln-Douglas debates in 1858
  • First Republican to be elected president
  • He gave the Gettysberg Address on November 19, 1863.
  • Lincoln served in the Black Hawk War in 1832
  • His family moved to Indiana in 1816.
  • He is on the penny and the 5 dollar bill.

Early Life-

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky. Thomas Lincoln, Abraham's Father, was a carpenter and a farmer. They lived on 30 acres of land. The Lincoln Family was constantly "poverty- stricken." In 1816 the Lincolns moved to Spencer County, Indiana. Two years later, 1818, Abraham's mother died. He was 9 years old. A year later Abraham's father married Sarah Bush Johnson. She was a widow. Sarah Bush Johnson tried very hard to teach Abraham Lincoln to read. Abraham went to several private tutors. After he learned to read he couldn't stop. He loved to read. Then the Lincoln family moved again in 1830 to Illinois. In 1832 Lincoln served in the Black Hawk War for about 30 days. In 1832 Lincoln ran an unsuccesful race for the Illinois Legislature. Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer in 1836 and got married to Mary Todd on November 4, 1842.

The Death of Abraham Lincoln-
It was April 14, 1865. At eleven in the morning Abraham Lincoln held a meeting with the Cabinet. After the meeting Grant asked if Lincoln could treat him to a play. Secretary of war, Edwin Staton, told Lincoln that he shouldn't see the play, but Lincoln didn't listen. Staton was worried that someone might shoot Lincoln. When Staton had time to talk to Abraham he convinced him to bring Major Henry Rathhorn and Clara Hills to join them.
After a nice dinner and a carrage ride they arrived at the play. Lincoln and his friends took a seat at the V.I.P. balcony. In the middle of the play an actor named John Wilkes Booth entered the V.I.P. booth and shot Abraham Lincoln. Then John Wilkes Booth jumped of the Balcony and got away. John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln because he hated that he abolished slavery. Abraham Lincoln didn't die right away. He stayed alive until April 15, the next day. He died at 7:22 in the morning.
A week later police found John Wilkes Booth inside of a burning barn. The policemen rescued him but then shot him.