Ecadystanton.jpg
Elizabeth Cady Stanton



Background Information:

Born: November 12, 1815, in Johnstown, New York
Death: October 26, 1902
Elizabeth was born into a family of eleven and was the seventh one born. Part of Elizabeth's inspiration came from the death of her brother, the only male sibling. Elizabeth's father was grieving over the death of his son; he always told Elizabeth that he wished she were a boy. With that said young Elizabeth always replied with "I will try to be everything my brother was." Elizabeth went to her pastor the day after her brother's death and told him that she needed to become well educated in math and higher language classes, this was her desire at the age of eleven. Elizabeth graduated from the Emma Willard's Troy Female Seminary in 1832. Stanton married a reformer Henry Stanton and they went at once to the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London. When returning back to the United States, Elizabeth and Henry Stanton had seven children.


Historical Influence:
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was brave, strong, smart and stood up for what she believed in; she helped women gain their rights. At the Woman's Rights Convention in Syracuse in 1852, Susan B. Anthony joined the fight, arguing that "the right women needed above every other was the right of suffrage." Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote and historically includes the economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage to women. Men have always had the right to vote, where women were treated as inferiors. People never accepted that women are as capable as men and can do the same and even better than men. Women started to finally demanding their rights and voting, they believed, was one of their birth rights.

Accomplishments:

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was very interested in the discrimination and legal restrictions of women and African-Americans. In 1846, Elizabeth and her husband Henry moved to Seneca Falls, New York. Two years later, she and Lucinda Mott hosted the Seneca Falls Convention, held July 19 and 20 in 1848. This is what launched the Women's Rights Movement. At that time she wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, the women's version of the Declaration of Independence. Elizabeth helped women get their rights and was the first president of the National Women Suffrage Association. The Nineteenth Amendment passed 18 years after Elizabeths death. The nineteenth amendment was passed by Congress June 4,1919 and ratified on August 18, 1920. The nineteenth amendment states that citizens of the United States shall not be denied on the basis of sex and voting rights. It was there that Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the first convention regarding women's rights and the woman's right to vote.


Supporters and Friends:
Susan B Anthony; Stanton and Anthony became fast friends they considered themselves partners. They joined Stanton and Amelia Bloomer in campaigns for women's rights. Both women wanted to find rights for all the women and let them have a say too.
Lucretia Mott; Stanton and Mott brought together a local women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, they also wrote the "Declaration of Sentiments"
Matilda Joslyn Gage; Along with Stanton, she was a vocal critic of the christian church, which put her at odds with conservative suffragists such as the woman's christian temperance union.
Susan B Anthony, along with Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage published the History of Woman Suffrage (1881-1902)
Frederick Douglass; was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War.

Critics and Enemies:
Mr. Samuel Evans; argued and went against womens suffrage. Evan's believed women should have the right to have say and vote.

some arguments men use against women are:
"Women and men have "separate spheres"."
"Most women do not want the vote."
"Women's role is in local affairs."
"Women are already represented by their husbands."
"Women do not fight to defend their country."


Fun Facts:

Before Stanton narrowed her political focus almost exclusively to women's rights, she was an active aboltionist together with her husband, Henry Brewster Stanton and cousin Gerrit Smith. Stanton addressed a number of issues pertaining to women beyond voting rights. Her concerns included women's parental an d custody rights, property rights, employment and income rights, divorce laws, the economic health of the family, and birth control. Stanton wrote, lectured, and campaigned for women's rights.

Resources:
http://womenshistory.about.com/od/stantonelizabeth/a/stanton.htm
http://law.jrank.org/pages/10461/stanton-elizabeth-cady.html
http://answers.com/topic/elizabeth-cady-stanton
http://www.east-buc.k.12.ia.us/http://www.essortment.com/all/womenssuffrage_rnim.htmhttp://www.johndclare.net/women_debate_1912.htm#Mr%20Harold%20Baker