Background Information

Date of Birth:February 1817-1818
Date of Death:February-20-1895
Hometown:Tuckhoe, Maryland

Education:He was taught to read and write by his mistress

Family:He was separated from his mother when he was was born and he never knew his father. His father was white man. After this, he lived with his grandparents Betsy and Isaac Bailey until he was six years old.

What was life like as a child:
Life for Douglass was hard because he was born into slavery and he was taken away from his mother at birth and he didn't know his father. His mother was a slave, Harriet Bailey, she was also part Indian. He lived with his grandmother, Betsy Bailey, until he was six years old and those was the happiest years of his life. At the age of 13, Douglass learned what abolition meant and in newspapers he read about the antislavery petitions. Then, he was sent to a plantation on Baltimore, to live as a house servant when his master died. He had to go work in the field at the age of 16. He was later hired out in Baltimore as a ship caulker. Later, he and 3 others tried to escape in 1833, but they where caught before they could get away. But, 5 years later he fled to New York City.

How he influenced American history:
Frederick Douglass was a social reformer. He was a former slave and he was a abolitionist. He was also a part of the Underground Railroad. He made sure that everything he did always helped someone else. He went to the Seneca Falls Convention for women's suffrage. When the Civil War broke out, he pushed Lincoln to try and stop slavery because he wanted black men to be able to fight in the war. Eventually, the Massachusetts 54th was formed which was the first unit of black soldiers.

Douglass started his own newspaper called the North Star. He did this because he wanted people to see what was going on with slavery. He called it the North Star because when swould run away for freedom they always follow the north star. What he did in his newpaper was he told the people what was really going on in slavery. In 1845, his book The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass was issued. He left the country for his own safety to go to British lsles to speak on the behalf of abolition.

Supporters and Friends:
His supporters were other abolitionists and William Lloyd Garrison.

Critices and Enemies:
the people that were his enemies were people who wanted to keep slavery and people who didn't like him for what he stood for. He had to leave the country because people would try to get him back into slavery, so he went to live in Great Britain for his own safety.

Fun Fact:
Douglass was very happy when he lived with his grandparents. He said that those times were the best times of his live and that he would always remember those times!