Harriettubman.jpgDate Of Birth: 1820
Date of Death: 1913
Hometown: Eastern Shore of Maryland
Harriet Tubman was born into slavery, so she had no formal education.
Family: Harriet Tubman had a father and brothers. She married John Tubman during her slave work. She was separated from her family many times during her childhood.
Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Ross to slave parents. As a child, Harriet Tubman was hired out to many families, but was given back due to being uncooperative. She was whipped and beaten by her various masters. She was made a field hand at 13, and during her field work, she was hit with a 2 lbs weight while helping another slave. This attack caused her to suffer frequent blackouts, powerful visionary and dream activity, and seizures.

Tubman influenced political and social ideas in American history.
Harriet Tubman escaped her slavery in 1849 and began to help release other slaves.Tubman used a network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harper's Ferry and in the post war era for women's suffrage. John Brown was an american abolitionist who believed in acts of violence in response to the Southern aggression. She was an abolitionist and a humanitarian. Throughout the 1850's, Tubman returned to the South to release about 60 to 300 slaves. In the North, Tubman became friends with many abolitionists. Harriet Tubman took direct action for the end of slavery by helping the Union Army in South Carolina during the Civil War. Tubman worked for the Union army as a cook and a nurse, and later became an armed scout and a spy. She was the first woman to lead and armed expedition. During these times, she had many supporters and friends such as Frederick Douglas, an american suffragist and abolitionist, John Brown, and Wendell Philips, an american abolitionist and a lawyer. Confederates and the South greatly rejected the idea of ending slavery. When the Fugitive Slave law was passed in 1850, she helped guide fugitives farther North into Canada and helped slaves find work. The Fugitive Slave law declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters in the South, or be faced with arrest and even death.
Fun Facts: After the war's end and the death of her husband, Tubman remarried and moved to live on a farm. During these times Tubman devoted herself to helping others. She also tried to persuade Congress to grant her a pension for her work during the Civil War. Many of the slaves that she helped gathered in the Canadian city of St.Catharines, Ontario, where her mother and father were later found.

Sources: www.googlesearch/Harriet Tubman/facts.com
"Harriet Tubman. Conductor to Freedom" worksheet.